Uptake and spreading of anthropogenic trace gases in a eddy-permitting model of the Atlantic Ocean.

Biastoch, Arne , Völker, C. and Böning, Claus W. (2007) Uptake and spreading of anthropogenic trace gases in a eddy-permitting model of the Atlantic Ocean. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 112 . C09017. DOI 10.1029/2006JC003966.

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An eddy-permitting circulation model of the Atlantic Ocean was used to study the effect of mesoscale processes on the uptake and spreading of anthropogenic CO2 and CFC-11. A comparison with a coarser-resolution model version shows anthropogenic tracer distributions with qualitatively similar patterns, but much more structure (e.g., stronger longitudinal gradients) in the eddy-permitting model, improving the agreement with observations. The better representation of the formation of water masses such as subpolar-mode water in the eddy-permitting model has an influence on the distribution of anthropogenic CO2 over density classes, but no influence on the total inventory taken up. In the subpolar Atlantic, the air-sea flux of CFC-11 is dominated by deep-water formation, while the air-sea flux of anthropogenic CO2 extends over a larger part of the subpolar gyre and has a clear association with North Atlantic surface currents. An in-depth analysis of the mechanisms shaping this distribution showed that the entrainment of water from below into the mixed layer determines the structure in the subpolar North Atlantic, whereas the temporal correlation between surface heat fluxes and mixed-layer depth is more important in the subtropical gyre. The northward, integrated heat and anthropogenic CO2 transports in midlatitudes are closely correlated on seasonal to interannual timescales. This has implications for using the ongoing monitoring arrays of the thermohaline circulation for estimation of the transport of anthropogenic CO2.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Oceanography; Eddy-permitting model of the Atlantic Ocean
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-TM Theory and Modeling
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: AGU (American Geophysical Union)
Projects: Future Ocean, DEKLIM
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2018 11:29
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/47

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