Assessing the Influence of Water Constituents on the Radiative Heating of Laptev Sea Shelf Waters.

Soppa, Mariana A., Pefanis, Vasileios, Hellmann, Sebastian, Losa, Svetlana N., Hölemann, Jens, Martynov, Fedor, Heim, Birgit, Janout, Markus A., Dinter, Tilman, Rozanov, Vladimir and Bracher, Astrid (2019) Assessing the Influence of Water Constituents on the Radiative Heating of Laptev Sea Shelf Waters. Open Access Frontiers in Marine Science, 6 (221). DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00221.

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The presence of optically active water constituents is known to attenuate the light penetration in the ocean and impact the ocean heat content. Here, we investigate the influence of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) and total suspended matter (TSM) on the radiative heating of the Laptev Sea shelf waters. The Laptev Sea region is heavily influenced by the Lena River, one of the largest river systems in the Arctic region. We simulate the radiative heating by using a coupled atmosphere-ocean radiative transfer model (RTM) and in situ measurements from the TRANSDRIFT XVII expedition carried out in September 2010. The results indicate that CDOM and TSM have significant influence on the energy budget of the Laptev Sea shelf waters, absorbing most of the solar energy in the first 2 m of the water column. In the station with the highest CDOM absorption (aCDOM(443) = 1.77 m−1) ~43% more energy is absorbed in the surface layer compared to the station with the lowest aCDOM(443) (~0.2 m−1), which translates to an increased radiative heating of ~0.6°C/day. The increased absorbed energy by the water constituents also implies increased sea ice melt rate and changes in the surface heat fluxes to the atmosphere. By using satellite remote sensing and RTM we quantify the spatial distribution of the radiative heating in the Laptev Sea for a typical summer day. The combined use of satellite remote sensing, RT modeling and in situ observations can be used to improve parameterization schemes in atmosphere-ocean circulation models to assess the role of the ocean in the effect of Arctic amplification.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: radiative transfer modeling, remote sensing, MERIS, heat budget, optically active water constituents, CDOM, TSM, Arctic
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
Publisher: Frontiers
Projects: CATS, Otto Schmidt Laboratory
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2020 11:52
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2022 09:16

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