A model-based comparison of extreme winds in the Arctic and around Greenland.

Gutjahr, Oliver and Heinemann, Günther (2018) A model-based comparison of extreme winds in the Arctic and around Greenland. International Journal of Climatology, 38 (14). pp. 5272-5292. DOI 10.1002/joc.5729.

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This paper compares extreme value statistics of daily maximum 10 m wind speed in winter simulated by the regional climate model COSMO‐CLM at a horizontal resolution of 15 km (C15) with the reanalyses ERA‐Interim and Arctic System reanalysis (ASR version 1 and 2) and with a satellite data set (CCMPv2). Our C15 simulation (1979/1980–2015/2016, November–April) is thereby the longest high‐resolution simulation available for the Arctic. The results show that the extreme wind speeds tend to increase over the ocean with increasing the horizontal model resolution. A horizontal resolution of ≤15 km is required to sufficiently capture all extreme wind characteristics, in particular for the tip jets and barrier winds over the Irminger Sea and in the Denmark Strait, and for the low‐level jets in the Nares Strait. Of almost equal importance are physical parameterizations of surface fluxes and of turbulence. Capturing extreme wind characteristics has a direct effect on climate relevant air–ice–ocean interactions, such as triggering open‐ocean deep convection, polynya dynamics, or on the sea ice and freshwater balance of the Arctic.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Arctic, COSMO‐CLM, extreme value analysis, POT, regional climate model, wind speed
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: RMS (Royal Meteorological Society)
Projects: CATS
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2020 10:34
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2021 11:14
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/50328

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