Intraplate Volcanism.

Homrighausen, Stephan, Geldmacher, Jörg , Hoernle, Kaj and Rooney, T. (2021) Intraplate Volcanism. In: Encyclopedia of Geology. , ed. by Elias, Scott and Alderton, David. Elsevier, London, pp. 52-59, 8 pp. 2nd edition ISBN 978-0-08-102909-1 DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.12498-4.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

The vast majority of active volcanism that is located at plate boundaries can be easily explained by plate tectonic processes. Intraplate volcanism, which incorporates some of the smallest and largest volcanic events on Earth, cannot be successfully explained by a single process or model. The most volumetrically significant intraplate volcanic events are associated with the arrival of the head of a thermo-chemical anomaly rising from the deep mantle and impacting the base of the lithosphere. This event generates massive and short-lived magmatic activity over a wide area (up to 2000 km across), forming a large igneous province. A long-lived hotspot track can form over the mantle plume tail and is best illustrated by the formation of age progressive volcanic chains, such as the famous Hawaiian-Emperor chain. Millions of smaller solitary volcanic edifices, non-age progressive volcanic chains and provinces, on the other hand, have other potential mechanisms of origin. Potential models comprise decompression melting due to lithospheric extension, destabilization of fusible lithologies in the lithospheric mantle, small scale sub-lithospheric convection, or lithospheric delamination.

Document Type: Book chapter
Keywords: Age progressive volcanism, Delamination, Flood basalt, Hotspot, Intraplate volcanism, Large igneous province (LIP), Mantle plume, Oceanic plateau, Petit spot, Rift-related volcanism, Seamount
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
Main POF Topic: PT8: Georesources
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2021 14:29
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2021 11:24
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/51412

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