Survey of legacy and emerging per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances in Mediterranean seafood from a North African ecosystem.

Barhoumi, Badreddine, Sander, Sylvia G., Driss, Mohamed Ridha and Tolosa, Imma (2022) Survey of legacy and emerging per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances in Mediterranean seafood from a North African ecosystem. Environmental Pollution, 292,Part B . Art.Nr. 118398. DOI 10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118398.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• Investigation on PFAS in seafood was conducted for the first time in North Africa.
• Long-chain PFAS were predominant in seafood from the study area.
• Among seafood, crustaceans exhibited the highest concentrations of PFAS.
• PFOS was the predominant PFAS compound in most marine species.
• Human health risks for PFAS exposure via seafood consumption was minimal.

Abstract

Despite the ubiquity of per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) in all environmental compartments, little is known about the pollution they cause on the African continent, neither on levels, nor effects. Here we examined the occurrence and levels of 21 legacy and emerging PFAS in 9 marine species (3 fish, 2 crustaceans and 4 mollusks) collected from Bizerte lagoon, Northern Tunisia. Furthermore, assessment of potential human health risks through consumption of contaminated seafood was examined. This is the first study assessing PFAS in Mediterranean coastal areas of North Africa. Twelve out of the 21 targeted PFAS were detected, evidencing the occurrence of PFAS in seafood from North Africa, albeit at low levels. The Ʃ21PFAS concentrations in all seafood samples ranged from 0.202 ng g−1 dry weight (dw) to 2.89 ng g−1 dw, with a mean value of 1.10 ± 0.89 ng g−1 dw. The profiles of PFAS varied significantly among different species, which might be related to their different trophic level, protein content, feeding behaviour and metabolism. Generally, current exposure to PFAS through seafood consumption indicates that it should not be of concern to the local consumers, at least for those PFAS for which information is available.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: PFAS, Seafood, Levels, Human health risk, North Africa
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS > Marine Mineralische Rohstoffe
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
Main POF Topic: PT8: Georesources
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2021 10:04
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2024 15:33
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/54328

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