Relocation of earthquakes in the southern and eastern Alps (Austria, Italy) recorded by the dense, temporary SWATH-D network using a Markov chain Monte Carlo inversion.

Jozi Najafabadi, A., Haberland, Christian, Ryberg, Trond, Verwater, V. F., Le Breton, E., Handy, M. R., Weber, Michael, Apoloner, Maria-Theresia, Aubert, Coralie, Besançon, Simon, Bés de Berc, Maxime, Bokelmann, Götz, Brunel, Didier, Capello, Marco, Čarman, Martina, Cavaliere, Adriano, Chéze, Jérôme, Chiarabba, Claudio, Clinton, John, Cougoulat, Glenn, C. Crawford, Wayne, Cristiano, Luigia, Czifra, Tibor, D’Alema, Ezio, Danesi, Stefania, Daniel, Romuald, Dannowski, Anke , Dasović, Iva, Deschamps, Anne, Dessa, Jean-Xavier, Doubre, Cécile, Egdorf, Sven, Fiket, Tomislav, Fischer, Kasper, Friederich, Wolfgang, Fuchs, Florian, Funke, Sigward, Giardini, Domenico, Govoni, Aladino, Gráczer, Zoltán, Gröschl, Gidera, Heimers, Stefan, Heit, Ben, Herak, Davorka, Herak, Marijan, Huber, Johann, Jarić, Dejan, Jedlička, Petr, Jia, Yan, Jund, Hélène, Kissling, Edi, Klingen, Stefan, Klotz, Bernhard, Kolínský, Petr, Kopp, Heidrun , Korn, Michael, Kotek, Josef, Kühne, Lothar, Kuk, Krešo, Lange, Dietrich , Loos, Jürgen, Lovati, Sara, Malengros, Deny, Margheriti, Lucia, Maron, Christophe, Martin, Xavier, Massa, Marco, Mazzarini, Francesco, Meier, Thomas, Métral, Laurent, Molinari, Irene, Moretti, Milena, Nardi, Anna, Pahor, Jurij, Paul, Anne, Péquegnat, Catherine, Petersen, Daniel, Pesaresi, Damiano, Piccinini, Davide, Piromallo, Claudia, Plenefisch, Thomas, Plomerová, Jaroslava, Pondrelli, Silvia, Prevolnik, Snježan, Racine, Roman, Régnier, Marc, Reiss, Miriam, Ritter, Joachim, Rümpker, Georg, Salimbeni, Simone, Santulin, Marco, Scherer, Werner, Schippkus, Sven, Schulte-Kortnack, Detlef, Šipka, Vesna, Solarino, Stefano, Spallarossa, Daniele, Spieker, Kathrin, Stipčević, Josip, Strollo, Angelo, Süle, Bálint, Szanyi, Gyöngyvér, Szűcs, Eszter, Thomas, Christine, Thorwart, Martin, Tilmann, Frederik, Ueding, Stefan, Vallocchia, Massimiliano, Vecsey, Luděk, Voigt, René, Wassermann, Joachim, Wéber, Zoltán, Weidle, Christian, Wesztergom, Viktor, Weyland, Gauthier, Wiemer, Stefan, Wolf, Felix Noah , Wolyniec, David, Zieke, Thomas, Živčić, Mladen, Žlebčíková, Helena, Abreu, Rafael, Allegretti, Ivo and Al-Halbouni, Djamil (2021) Relocation of earthquakes in the southern and eastern Alps (Austria, Italy) recorded by the dense, temporary SWATH-D network using a Markov chain Monte Carlo inversion. Open Access Solid Earth, 12 . pp. 1087-1109. DOI 10.5194/se-12-1087-2021.

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Abstract

In this study, we analyzed a large seismological dataset from temporary and permanent networks in the southern and eastern Alps to establish high-precision hypocenters and 1-D VP and VP/VS models. The waveform data of a subset of local earthquakes with magnitudes in the range of 1–4.2 ML were recorded by the dense, temporary SWATH-D network and selected stations of the AlpArray network between September 2017 and the end of 2018. The first arrival times of P and S waves of earthquakes are determined by a semi-automatic procedure. We applied a Markov chain Monte Carlo inversion method to simultaneously calculate robust hypocenters, a 1-D velocity model, and station corrections without prior assumptions, such as initial velocity models or earthquake locations. A further advantage of this method is the derivation of the model parameter uncertainties and noise levels of the data. The precision estimates of the localization procedure is checked by inverting a synthetic travel time dataset from a complex 3-D velocity model and by using the real stations and earthquakes geometry. The location accuracy is further investigated by a quarry blast test. The average uncertainties of the locations of the earthquakes are below 500 m in their epicenter and ∼ 1.7 km in depth. The earthquake distribution reveals seismicity in the upper crust (0–20 km), which is characterized by pronounced clusters along the Alpine frontal thrust, e.g., the Friuli-Venetia (FV) region, the Giudicarie–Lessini (GL) and Schio-Vicenza domains, the Austroalpine nappes, and the Inntal area. Some seismicity also occurs along the Periadriatic Fault. The general pattern of seismicity reflects head-on convergence of the Adriatic indenter with the Alpine orogenic crust. The seismicity in the FV and GL regions is deeper than the modeled frontal thrusts, which we interpret as indication for southward propagation of the southern Alpine deformation front (blind thrusts).

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: DFG:HA 3326/5-1 ; DFG:HA 3326/4-1 ; DFG:TI 316/6-1 ; DFG:WE 1457/22
Additional Information: The AlpArray and AlpArray SWATH-D working groups
Keywords: relocation, eartquakes, southern and eastern Alps, SWATH-D network, Markov chain Monte Carlo inversion
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
HGF-GFZ
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Main POF Topic: PT3: Restless Earth
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
Publisher: Copernicus Publications (EGU)
Related URLs:
Projects: AlpArray
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2021 11:35
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2024 15:27
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/54501

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