Differential effects of elevated p CO 2 and warming on marine phytoplankton stoichiometry.

Velthuis, Mandy , Keuskamp, Joost. A., Bakker, Elisabeth S., Boersma, Maarten , Sommer, Ulrich, Donk, Ellen and Van de Waal, Dedmer B. (2022) Differential effects of elevated p CO 2 and warming on marine phytoplankton stoichiometry. Open Access Limnology and Oceanography, 67 (3). pp. 598-607. DOI 10.1002/lno.12020.

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Phytoplankton stand at the base of the marine food-web, and play a major role in global carbon cycling. Rising CO2 levels and temperatures are expected to enhance growth and alter carbon:nutrient stoichiometry of marine phytoplankton, with possible consequences for the functioning of marine food-webs and the oceanic carbon pump. To date, however, the consistency of phytoplankton stoichiometric responses remains unclear. We therefore performed a meta-analysis on data from experimental studies on stoichiometric responses of marine phytoplankton to elevated pCO2 and 3–5° warming under nutrient replete and limited conditions. Our results demonstrate that elevated pCO2 increased overall phytoplankton C:N (by 4%) and C:P (by 9%) molar ratios under nutrient replete conditions, as well as phytoplankton growth rates (by 6%). Nutrient limitation amplified the CO2 effect on C:N and C:P ratios, with increases to 27% and 17%, respectively. In contrast to elevated pCO2, warming did not consistently alter phytoplankton elemental composition. This could be attributed to species- and study-specific increases and decreases in stoichiometry in response to warming. While our observed moderate CO2-driven changes in stoichiometry are not likely to drive marked changes in food web functioning, they are in the same order of magnitude as current and projected estimations of oceanic carbon export. Therefore, our results may indicate a stoichiometric compensation mechanism for reduced oceanic carbon export due to declining primary production in the near future

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: BMBF: 03F06550
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-OEB Ökosystembiologie des Ozeans
Main POF Topic: PT6: Marine Life
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: ASLO (Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography), Wiley
Projects: BIOACID, Dynatrait
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2022 14:45
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2023 09:30
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/55076

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