A Holocene relative sea-level database for the Baltic Sea.

Klemann, Volker, Rosentau, Alar, Bennike, Ole, Steffen, Holger and Bagge, Meike and Baltic SL Data Team (2021) A Holocene relative sea-level database for the Baltic Sea. [Poster] In: PALSEA - SERCE virtual workshop: Improving understanding of ice sheet and solid earth processes driving paleo sea level change. , 13.-16.09.2021, Online .

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We present a compilation and analysis of ~ 1000 Holocene relative shore-level (RSL)indicators located around the Baltic Sea including relative sea-level data points as well as data points from the Ancylus Lake and the following transitional phase. The spatial distribution covers the Baltic Sea and near-coastal areas fairly well, but some gaps
remain mainly in Sweden. RSL data follow the standardized HOLSEA format and, thus, are ready for spatially comprehensive applications in, e.g., glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) modelling. We apply a SQL database system to store the nationally provided data sets in their individual form and to map the different input into the HOLSEA format as the information content of the individual data sets from the Baltic Sea area differs (https://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.1.3.2020.003).
The majority of the RSL data is related to the last marine stage in Baltic Sea history after 8.5 ka BP (thousand years before present). These samples were grouped according to their dominant RSL tendencies into three clusters: regions with negative, positive and complex (transitional) RSL tendencies. Overall, regions with isostatic uplift driven negative tendencies dominate and show regression in the Baltic Sea basin during the last marine stage. Shifts from positive to negative tendencies in RSL data from transitional regions show a mid-Holocene highstand around 7.5-6.5 ka BP which is consistent with the end of the final melting of the Laurentide Ice Sheet. Comparisons of RSL data with GIA predictions including global ICE-5G and ICE-6G_C ice histories show good fit with RSL data from the regions with negative tendencies, whereas in the transitional areas in the eastern Baltic, predictions for the mid-Holocene clearly overestimate the RSL and fail to recover the the region where a mid-Holocene RSL highstand derived from the proxy reconstructions should appear. These results motivate improvements of ice-sheet and Earth-structure models and show the potential and benefits of the new compilation for future studies.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Projects: PalMod in-kind
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2022 08:58
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2022 08:58
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/55536

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