Harnessing the microbiome to prevent global biodiversity loss.

Peixoto, Raquel S., Voolstra, Christian R., Sweet, Michael, Duarte, Carlos M., Carvalho, Susana, Villela, Helena, Lunshof, Jeantine E., Gram, Lone, Woodhams, Douglas C., Walter, Jens, Roik, Anna, Hentschel, Ute , Thurber, Rebecca Vega, Daisley, Brendan, Ushijima, Blake, Daffonchio, Daniele, Costa, Rodrigo, Keller-Costa, Tina, Bowman, Jeff S., Rosado, Alexandre S., Reid, Gregor, Mason, Christopher E., Walke, Jenifer B., Thomas, Torsten and Berg, Gabriele (2022) Harnessing the microbiome to prevent global biodiversity loss. Nature Microbiology . DOI 10.1038/s41564-022-01173-1.

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Abstract

Global biodiversity loss and mass extinction of species are two of the most critical environmental issues the world is currently facing, resulting in the disruption of various ecosystems central to environmental functions and human health. Microbiome-targeted interventions, such as probiotics and microbiome transplants, are emerging as potential options to reverse deterioration of biodiversity and increase the resilience of wildlife and ecosystems. However, the implementation of these interventions is urgently needed. We summarize the current concepts, bottlenecks and ethical aspects encompassing the careful and responsible management of ecosystem resources using the microbiome (termed microbiome stewardship) to rehabilitate organisms and ecosystem functions. We propose a real-world application framework to guide environmental and wildlife probiotic applications. This framework details steps that must be taken in the upscaling process while weighing risks against the high toll of inaction. In doing so, we draw parallels with other aspects of contemporary science moving swiftly in the face of urgent global challenges.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Applied microbiology; Microbial ecology; plant microbiome; probiotics; bacteria; antibiotics; metaorganisms;
Research affiliation: Scripps
HGF-HIFMB
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MS Marine Symbioses
Main POF Topic: PT6: Marine Life
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Nature Research
Projects: SFB1182
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2022 08:54
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2022 08:54
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/56777

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