Structure and Biosynthesis of Desmamides A–C, Lipoglycopeptides from the Endophytic Cyanobacterium Desmonostoc muscorum LEGE 12446.

Freitas, Sara, Castelo-Branco, Raquel, Wenzel-Storjohann, Arlette , Vasconcelos, Vitor M., Tasdemir, Deniz and Leão, Pedro N. (2022) Structure and Biosynthesis of Desmamides A–C, Lipoglycopeptides from the Endophytic Cyanobacterium Desmonostoc muscorum LEGE 12446. Open Access Journal of Natural Products, 85 (7). pp. 1704-1714. DOI 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.2c00162.

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Abstract

Certain cyanobacteria of the secondary metabolite-rich order Nostocales can establish permanent symbioses with a large number of cycads, by accumulating in their coralloid roots and shifting their metabolism to dinitrogen fixation. Here, we report the discovery of two new lipoglycopeptides, desmamides A (1) and B (2), together with their aglycone desmamide C (3), from the nostocalean cyanobacterium Desmonostoc muscorum LEGE 12446 isolated from a cycad (Cycas revoluta) coralloid root. The chemical structures of the compounds were elucidated using a combination of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The desmamides are decapeptides featuring O-glycosylation of tyrosine (in 1 and 2) and an unusual 3,5-dihydroxy-2-methyldecanoic acid residue. The biosynthesis of the desmamides was studied by substrate incubation experiments and bioinformatics. We describe herein the dsm biosynthetic gene cluster and propose it to be associated with desmamide production. The discovery of this class of very abundant (>1.5% d.w.) bacterial lipoglycopeptides paves the way for exploration of their potential role in root endosymbiosis.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Antibiotics; Diversity; Peptidic Natural Products; Glycopeptide; Mannopeptimycins; Lipopeptides
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MN Marine natural products chemistry
Main POF Topic: PT6: Marine Life
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: ACS (American Chemical Society)
Projects: ATLANTIDA
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2022 09:40
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2022 09:40
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/56782

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