Fossil Bioapatites with Extremely High Concentrations of Rare Earth Elements and Yttrium from Deep-Sea Pelagic Sediments.

Manceau, Alain, Paul, Sophie A. L., Simionovici, Alexandre, Magnin, Valérie, Balvay, Mélanie, Findling, Nathaniel, Rovezzi, Mauro, Muller, Samuel, Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter and Koschinsky, Andrea (2022) Fossil Bioapatites with Extremely High Concentrations of Rare Earth Elements and Yttrium from Deep-Sea Pelagic Sediments. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry . DOI 10.1021/acsearthspacechem.2c00169.

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Abstract

Detailed geochemical and mineralogical insights into some of the richest rare earth elements and yttrium (REY)-containing bioapatites from ocean-floor sediments have been provided by combining laser ablation inductively coupled plasma diffraction analysis, and Ce L3-edge high energy-resolution X-ray absorption near edge structure (HR-XANES) spectroscopy. Bioapatites at 1.94 and 4.70 m below the seafloor (mbsf) of the Clarion-Clipperton Zone (CCZ) of the Pacific Ocean have 26,600 (RSD = 15.7%, n = 20) and 30,300 (RSD = 14.6%, n = 10) mg/kg (mg/kg) total REY, respectively, and bioapatites at 2.28 and 6.95 mbsf of the Peru Basin have 15,500 (RSD = 15.6%, n = 20) and 15,700 (RSD = 17.8%, n = 29) mg/kg total REY, respectively. All bioapatite specimens have a variety of isomorphic substitutions in all atomic positions of the crystallographic structure. The average crystallochemical formula of bioapatites at 6.95 mbsf of the Peru Basin is [(PO4)2.71(SiO4)0.04(CO3,SO4)0.25][Ca4.57Na0.29Y0.04][F0.87Cl0.21]. All other substituents are below 0.04 atoms per formula unit. HR-XANES provides the first direct evidence for trivalent Ce in sediment apatites. The strong negative geochemical anomaly of Ce in fossil bioapatites is well explained by the occurrence of four valent Ce-MnO2 and CeO2 within the sediment and in seafloor ferromanganese nodules.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: BMBF: 03F0707G ; BMBF: 03F0812G
Keywords: Cerium, apatite, REE, LA-ICP-MS, EPMA, HR-XANES
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Kiel University
Main POF Topic: PT2: Ocean and Cryosphere
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: ACS (American Chemical Society)
Projects: JPIO-MiningImpact
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2022 11:15
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2022 11:15
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/56786

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