Diving deeper: Mesopelagic fish biomass estimates comparison using two different models.

Hill-Cruz, Mariana , Kriest, Iris and Getzlaff, Julia (2023) Diving deeper: Mesopelagic fish biomass estimates comparison using two different models. Open Access Frontiers in Marine Science, 10 . Art.Nr. 1121569. DOI 10.3389/fmars.2023.1121569.

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A growing population on a planet with limited resources demands finding new sources of protein. Hence, fisheries are turning their perspectives towards mesopelagic fish, which have, so far, remained relatively unexploited and poorly studied. Large uncertainties are associated with regards to their biomass, turn-over rates, susceptibility to environmental forcing and ecological and biogeochemical role. Models are useful to disentangle sources of uncertainties and to understand the impact of different processes on the biomass. In this study, we employed two food-web models – OSMOSE and the model by Anderson et al. (2019, or A2019) – coupled to a regional physical–biogeochemical model to simulate mesopelagic fish in the Eastern Tropical South Pacific ocean. The model by A2019 produced the largest biomass estimate, 26 to 130% higher than OSMOSE depending on the mortality parameters used. However, OSMOSE was calibrated to match observations in the coastal region off Peru and its temporal variability is affected by an explicit life cycle and food web. In contrast, the model by A2019 is more convenient to perform uncertainty analysis and it can be easily coupled to a biogeochemical model to estimate mesopelagic fish biomass. However, it is based on a flow analysis that had been previously applied to estimate global biomass of mesopelagic fish but has never been calibrated for the Eastern Tropical South Pacific. Furthermore, it assumes a steady-state in the energy transfer between primary production and mesopelagic fish, which may be an oversimplification for this highly dynamic system. OSMOSE is convenient to understand the interactions of the ecosystem and how including different life stages affects the model response. The combined strengths of both models allow us to study mesopelagic fish from a holistic perspective, taking into account energy fluxes and biomass uncertainties based on primary production, as well as complex ecological interactions.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: BMBF: 03F0813A; BMBF: 01LC1823B ; BMBF: 03F0876A
Keywords: mesopelagic fish; food-web model; OSMOSE; twilight zone; multispecies model; life cycle; trophic interactions
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
Main POF Topic: PT6: Marine Life
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
Publisher: Frontiers
Related URLs:
Projects: CUSCO, CO2Meso, Humboldt Tipping, Opendap
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2023 07:35
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2023 16:54
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/58315

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