Dissolved Organic Matter Fluorescence as a Tracer of Upwelling and Microbial Activities in Two Cyclonic Eddies in the Eastern Tropical North Atlantic.

Devresse, Quentin , Becker, Kevin W. , Dilmahamod, Ahmad Fehmi, Ortega‐Retuerta, Eva and Engel, Anja (2023) Dissolved Organic Matter Fluorescence as a Tracer of Upwelling and Microbial Activities in Two Cyclonic Eddies in the Eastern Tropical North Atlantic. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 128 (8). Art.Nr. e2023JC019821. DOI 10.1029/2023JC019821.

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Abstract

Mesoscale eddies are frequently observed in the Eastern Tropical North Atlantic (ETNA), yet their effects on the transport and distribution of biogeochemical solutes, and specifically on the production and remineralization of dissolved organic matter (DOM) remain difficult to elucidate. Here, we investigated the submesoscale variability of chromophoric DOM (CDOM) and fluorescent DOM (FDOM) together with microbial production and remineralization processes in two cyclonic eddies (CEs) in the ETNA during summer and winter 2019. One CE, formed near the coast off Mauritania during the post-upwelling season, was sampled along a ∼900 km zonal corridor between Mauritania and the Cape Verde Islands. The other CE, formed nearby Brava Island, was out of coastal influence. Four fluorescent components were identified with parallel factor analysis, two humic-like, and two protein-like components. Humic-like FDOM components correlated to optode-based community respiration and were also good indicators of upwelling associated with the Brava Island CE as they correlated to physical parameters (e.g., temperature) and to dissolved inorganic nitrogen. The tryptophan-like FDOM components correlated with the carbon and nitrogen content of semi-labile DOM, phytoplankton biomass, community respiration, and bacterial production. Overall, our study revealed that DOM optical properties are suitable for tracing freshly produced organic matter and the transport of remineralized DOM within offshore eddies.

Key Points:
- Four fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) components were studied in two cyclonic eddies (CEs) in the Eastern Tropical North Atlantic
- Tryptophan-like FDOM was an indicator of the CEs' productivity as it correlated with semi-labile dissolved organic matter and microbial metabolic activities
- Humic-like FDOM was a by-product of microbial respiration; its distribution within an offshore CE covaried with nutrient upwelling

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: BMBF: 03F0815A
Keywords: Dissolved organic matter; FDOM
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Main POF Topic: PT6: Marine Life
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: AGU (American Geophysical Union), Wiley
Related URLs:
Projects: REEBUS
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2023 07:49
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2024 15:52
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/59136

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