Magnesian Andesites from Kibblewhite Volcano in the Kermadec Arc, New Zealand.

Hirai, Yasuhiro, Tamura, Yoshihiko, Sato, Tomoki, Miyazaki, Takashi, Chang, Qing, Vaglarov, Bogdan S, Kimura, Jun-Ichi, Hoernle, Kaj , Werner, Reinhard, Hauff, Folkmar and Timm, Christian (2023) Magnesian Andesites from Kibblewhite Volcano in the Kermadec Arc, New Zealand. Open Access Journal of Petrology, 64 (9). egad060. DOI 10.1093/petrology/egad060.

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Abstract

Primary andesitic magmas could be an important component of arc magma genesis and might have played a key role in the advent of continents. Recent studies hypothesized that primary andesitic magmas occur in the oceanic arc, where the crust is thin. The Kermadec arc has the thinnest crust among all the studied oceanic arcs (<15 km in thickness); however, there are no studies that corroborate the formation of primary andesitic magmas in the arc. The aim of this study is to develop a better understanding of primary andesites in oceanic arcs through the petrology of the Kermadec arc. Here, we present the petrology of volcanic rocks dredged from the Kibblewhite Volcano in the Kermadec arc during the R/V SONNE SO-255 expedition in 2017. Magma types range from andesite to rhyolite at the Kibblewhite Volcano, but basalts dominate at the neighboring cones. This study focuses on magnesian andesites from the northeastern flank of this volcano. The magnesian andesites are nearly aphyric and plagioclase free but contain microphenocrysts of olivine (Fo84–86) and clinopyroxene (Mg# = 81–87). Using olivine addition models, the primary magmas were estimated to contain 55–56 wt % SiO2 and 10–12 wt % MgO, similar to the high-Mg andesites observed in other convergent plate margins, indicating the generation of primary andesitic magma beneath the Kibblewhite Volcano. The trace element and isotopic characteristics of the magnesian andesites are typical of volcanic rocks from the Kermadec arc. This indicates that the subduction of a young plate or melting of a pyroxenitic source is not necessary to produce magnesian andesites. Instead, we propose that the magnesian andesites were produced by the direct melting of the uppermost mantle of the Kermadec arc. The thin crust of the Kermadec arc should yield low-pressure conditions in the uppermost mantle, allowing the sub-arc mantle to generate primary andesitic melts. This study supports the hypothesis that primary andesitic magmas generate in the arc where the crust is thin and provides a new insight into the magma genesis of the Kermadec arc.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: BMBF: 03G0255A
Keywords: high magenesium andesite, igneous petrology, primary magmas, Kermadec Arc; subduction zone, SO255
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
Kiel University
Main POF Topic: PT3: Restless Earth
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2023 11:57
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2024 15:37
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/59253

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